Focus on a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Incorporate foods known to help lower cholesterol, like oats, nuts, fatty fish, olive oil, avocados, and legumes.
Engage in moderate-intensity aerobic exercise for at least 150 minutes per week. Physical activity helps raise HDL cholesterol (the "good" cholesterol) and can lower LDL cholesterol.
Losing excess weight, if needed, can help improve cholesterol levels. Even a modest weight loss can make a difference in cholesterol levels.
Smoking damages blood vessels, making it easier for cholesterol to build up. Quitting smoking can improve HDL cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.
Excessive alcohol consumption can increase triglycerides and lead to higher cholesterol levels. Limit alcohol intake to moderate levels.
If lifestyle changes aren't enough, medications such as statins, bile acid sequestrants, PCSK9 inhibitors, or other cholesterol-lowering drugs may be prescribed by a healthcare professional to manage cholesterol levels.
Regularly monitor your cholesterol levels and overall health by scheduling check-ups with your healthcare provider. This can help in assessing your progress and making necessary adjustments to your treatment plan.
Chronic stress can impact cholesterol levels. Employ stress-reduction techniques like yoga, meditation, or mindfulness to help manage stress levels.